FAQ: Who Killed Archduke Franz Ferdinand?

Two shots in Sarajevo ignited the fires of war and drew Europe toward World War I. Just hours after narrowly escaping an assassin’s bomb, Archduke Franz Ferdinand, the heir to Austro-Hungarian throne and his wife, the Duchess of Hohenberg, are killed by Gavrilo Princip.

Why did Serbia assassinate the Archduke?

The political objective of the assassination was to free Bosnia of Austria-Hungarian rule and established of a common South Slav (“Yugoslav”) state. The assassination precipitated the July crisis which lead to Austria-Hungary declaring war on Serbia and the start of the First World War.

Who was responsible for the death of Archduke Franz?

A group of young nationalists hatched a plot to kill the archduke during his visit to Sarajevo, and after some missteps, 19-year-old Gavrilo Princip was able to shoot the royal couple at point-blank range, while they traveled in their official procession, killing both almost instantly.

In what country was Archduke Franz Ferdinand assassinated?

The assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand, heir to the Austro-Hungarian throne, and his wife Sophie in Sarajevo (the capital of the Austro-Hungarian province of Bosnia-Herzegovina) on 28 June 1914 eventually led to the outbreak of the First World War.

What would’ve happened if Franz Ferdinand was not assassinated?

Without the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand, there would have been no need for rulers in Vienna to threaten Serbia, no need for Russia to come to Serbia’s defense, no need for Germany to come to Austria’s defense — and no call for France and Britain to honor their treaties with Russia.

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Who was the wife of Archduke Franz Ferdinand?

Left: The assassination of Franz Ferdinand and his wife, Sophie Chotek, on their state visit to Sarajevo.

How was Archduke Franz Ferdinand assassinated?

It denotes a rank within the former Holy Roman Empire (962–1806), which was below that of Emperor and King, roughly equal to Grand Duke, but above that of a Prince and Duke. The territory ruled by an Archduke or Archduchess was called an Archduchy.

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