Often asked: What Did Henry Morton Stanley Discover?

Stanley decided to continue Livingstone’s research on the Congo and Nile river systems and started his second African expedition in 1874. He journeyed into central Africa circumnavigating Victoria Nyanza, proving it to be the second-largest freshwater lake in the world, and discovered the Shimeeyu River.

What did Henry Stanley find?

In November 1871, journalist Henry Morton Stanley located the missing missionary David Livingstone in the wilds of Africa. Yet the famous meeting was only the beginning of Stanley’s tumultuous career as an explorer.

What is Henry Stanley known for?

Henry Morton Stanley, in full Sir Henry Morton Stanley, original name John Rowlands, Congolese byname Bula Matari (“Breaker of Rocks”), (born January 28, 1841, Denbigh, Denbighshire, Wales—died May 10, 1904, London, England), British American explorer of central Africa, famous for his rescue of the Scottish missionary

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What did Henry Stanley do in the Congo?

Empire for King Leopold Stanley’s report of the Congo interested the Belgian king, Leopold II. He employed Stanley to claim land in the Congo for him. Stanley worked to set up Belgian bases and build roads there from 1879-1884. Stanley’s work showed that there was money to be made in the Congo.

How did Henry Morton Stanley prove that Lake Victoria was the source of River Nile?

At the sixth cataract, Stanley determined that they had crossed the equator. He also found that their altitude had dropped considerably below that of the Nile at its lowest measured point, so in order for the Lualaba to be the Nile, as Livingstone thought, it would have to flow uphill from the Stanley Falls.

What were Henry Stanley’s famous words?

There in November 1871 he found the sick explorer, greeting him with the famous words: ‘ Dr Livingstone, I presume?’ Stanley’s reports on his expedition made his name.

How did Stanley find Livingstone?

In November 1871, Stanley found the doctor in Ujiji, a village on the shores of Lake Tanganyika in present-day Tanzania. He allegedly greeted him with the famous words: ‘Dr Livingstone, I presume?

What role does Henry Morton Stanley play in Leopold’s attempt to present his actions as scientific exploration?

During his 1879–84 expedition for Leopold II, Stanley traveled on foot throughout the region, physically demarcating the geographical limits of Leopold II’s possession. Moreo- ver, Stanley was responsible for assimilating that space into the larger colonial structures.

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Who is King Leopold the second?

Leopold II was the king of the Belgians from 1865 to 1909, the longest reign in the young kingdom’s short independent history, and is honoured with several monuments. His record in Belgium’s African colonies, where he ran and exploited the then “Congo Free State” as a personal domain, is much more controversial.

Did Henry Morton Stanley fight in the Civil War?

Under his new name, Stanley joined the Confederate Army following the outbreak of the American Civil War in 1861 and fought at the Battle of Shiloh. After being captured he quickly changed sides and enlisted in the Union Army.

Why did Stanley explore Africa?

In 1874, the New York Herald and the Daily Telegraph financed Stanley on another expedition to Africa. His ambitious objective was to complete the exploration and mapping of the Central African Great Lakes and rivers, in the process circumnavigating Lakes Victoria and Tanganyika and locating the source of the Nile.

What was Henry Morton Stanley doing in Africa?

In 1887, Henry Morton Stanley went up the Congo River and inadvertently started a disastrous experiment. This was long after his first journey into Africa, as a journalist for an American newspaper in 1871, when he’d become famous by finding a Scottish missionary and reporting the first words of their encounter: “Dr.

Why did Stanley look for Livingstone?

Journalist Henry Morton Stanley begins his famous search through Africa for the missing British explorer Dr. Livingstone also wanted to help bring about the abolition of the slave trade, which was devastating Africa’s population. Almost six years after his expedition began, little had been heard from Livingstone.

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How did Henry Morton Stanley contribute to the coming of missionaries in Uganda?

Stanley trekked through the jungles and reached Muteesa’s palace at Rubaga. Muteesa welcomed him and gave him a letter in 1875 inviting Christian missionaries to come and educate the people of Uganda. Later on, these two missionaries were joined by Bishop Tucker who established the Anglican Church mission in Mukono.

What did Henry Morton Stanley discover about river Lualaba?

On 9th August 1877, after 999 days of travel, Stanley arrived at the mouth of the river. He became the first white man to pass the whole course of the Congo River. He indisputably proved that the Lualaba was not the source of the Nile, just the Congo. The last great mystery of the African continent was solved.

Who was Sir Henry Morton Stanley which area did he discover and how?

In 1874 Stanley began a 3-year journey to measure the lakes of Central Africa. From 1879 to 1884 he opened the Congo River Basin and laid the groundwork for the Congo Free State after setting up 21 trading posts along the river. Between 1887 and 1890 he led a mission to rescue Emin Pasha, the governor of Equatoria.

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